The current set of electric vehicles can’t go as far per tank/charge as a gas-powered vehicle. However, that’s fine for the vast majority of people. According to a study from MIT, around 90% of personal vehicles in the United States could be replaced “by a low-cost electric vehicle” even if the car is only charged during the evening.
When the environment impact of charging is taken into account, a switch by those drivers to EVs would result in a 30% reduction in emissions connected to transportation.
The study didn’t find much of a difference between different types of urban areas. EVs are equally suited for dense centers like New York City and sprawling cities like Houston, says Jessika Trancik, an MIT professor.